HISTORY OF ORIENTAL RUGS

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Oriental rugs have been mentioned in ancient writings.  Perhaps the oldest known hand-knotted oriental rug was excavated from the Altai Mountains of Central Asia near Pazryk in 1949.  It was found in a semi-frozen Scythin burial mound.  This rug dates from the 4th or 5th century B.C. and bares the name "The Pazryk Carpet".  Today the rug is in the Hermitage Museum in Leningrad, Russia.  The carpet is sophisticated with floral, geometric, and pictorial designs.  It has approximately 240 symmetrical knots per square inch.  The rug is approximately 2400 years old (fragmented) but shows a clear example of how good hand-knotted rugs were made and are still produced today.  At Weber Oriental Rugs, Inc you will find a large selection of fine hand-knotted rugs from all over the world.

The Pazryk Carpet

In the 16th and 17th centuries the Anatolian city of Oushak, Turkey was a leading commercial weaving center, producing many rugs that were shipped to Europe.  During this time frame good hand-knotted rugs were produced for export in Persia (Iran), India, China, Caucasus (Russia), Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Egypt, and in the Balkan regions of Europe near the Black Sea.  France produced hand-knotted carpets in Savonnerie.  Aubusson, France produced flat woven pile-less textiles for both the floor and wall hangings.  Several areas of Spain produced hand-knotted carpets.  Today these carpets reside in museums all over the world and a few are in private collections.

Perhaps the most famous hand-knotted carpet is in the Victoria & Albert Museum and is called the "Ardebil Mosque Carpet", possibly woven in the city of Kashan, Persia (Iran).

Late 19th Century and early 20th century carpets are available for purchase at Weber Oriental Rugs, Inc.  From approximately 1960 to 1980 wall to wall carpeting or machine made carpets were in vogue in the United States.  There was not much demand for hand-knotted rugs during this period.  Hand-knotted carpets were popular in the United States during the 1st quarter of the 20th century.  Geometric design rugs from the Caucasus (Russia), Persia (Iran), and Turkey were copied by Navajo American Indians in Arizona.  J. B. Moore owned a trading post in Crystal, Arizona around 1911 and sold blankets by mail order to the Eastern United States.  These Navajo Blankets were sold by J. B. Moore to be used for floor covering.

Below are the most common types of knots used in hand knotted oriental rugs.

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  Asymmetrical Knots Symmetrical Knots  

Weber Oriental Rugs, Inc. is always purchasing antique and semi-antique oriental rugs, as well as antique and semi-antique European rugs, tapestries, and old Navajo Indian blankets & rugs.

By the 1970's Europe was "getting back on their feet" financially from depressions before WWI and WWII.  Middle class and wealthy Europeans owned Oriental rugs before the United States was a country.  This created a demand that spread throughout Europe to the United States as well as today in emerging market countries. 

    Weavers in India at work on a vertical roller beam loom, hand-knotting an oriental carpet from a paper scale model.

Weber Oriental Rugs, Inc. has a large selection of fine, hand-knotted new, semi-antique, and antique oriental rugs imported from all over the world.  The definition of an oriental rug is hand made of natural fibers (usually wool or silk), with a pile woven on a warp and weft, with individual character and design made in the Near East, Middle East, Far East, or the Balkans.  We do not carry "tufted" which are made by a machine tufting gun that is used to insert the pile through a canvas or scrim and a cloth is glued to the back to conceal the glue.  These do not fall under the definition of an oriental rug.  We do not carry "machine made" oriental design rugs.  The reason for not carrying either of the above types is that they do not look, last, or have the value of a hand-knotted oriental rug.

Our commitment is to sell you the most beautiful hand-knotted oriental rugs at the best prices!

WE BUY ANTIQUE ORIENTAL RUGS

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Revised: 01/02/12